Soon after the poem became popular in Western Ukraine, it was noticed by the Ukrainian clergy.
On January 15, 1992, the music for the State Anthem of Ukraine was adopted by Ukraine's parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, and was later instituted in the Ukrainian constitution.
However, the lyrics for the anthem were not officially adopted until March 6, 2003, when the Verkhovna Rada passed a law on the state anthem of Ukraine (Ukrainian: The law proposed Mykhailo Verbytsky's music and Pavlo Chubynsky's first verse and refrain of his poem "Shche ne vmerla Ukrayina".
However, Chubynsky's poem wasn't used as a state anthem until 1917, when it was adopted by the Ukrainian Republic.
Still, even in 1917–21, "Shche ne vmerla Ukrayina" was not legislatively adopted as an exclusive state anthem as other anthems were also used at the time.
Soviet rulers wanted a text that would state that Ukraine is a country inside the USSR which is "equal among equals, free among the free" and it necessarily had to mention the communist party that lead Ukraine towards communism.